性视界传媒

Skip to main content
You have permission to edit this article.
Edit

Other voices: Supreme Court should overrule decision on Voting Rights Act

  • Comments

Los Angeles Times

A federal appeals court panel handed down a decision last week that would hobble enforcement of the Voting Rights Act by holding that only the U.S. attorney general, not aggrieved citizens, can file lawsuits to enforce one of the landmark civil rights law性视界传媒檚 key protections.

The Supreme Court, which has a checkered history when it comes to protecting voting rights, must overrule this radical decision if it is appealed, which is likely.

In a dispute arising from challenges to a legislative redistricting plan in Arkansas, the U.S. 8th Circuit panel ruled that, because the text of Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act doesn性视界传媒檛 authorize lawsuits by private individuals, such suits may not proceed.

Writing for the 2-1 majority, Judge David R. Stras said that 性视界传媒渟ilence is not golden for the plaintiffs.性视界传媒 Never mind that, as a dissent by Chief Judge Lavenski Smith pointed out, federal courts across the country, including the Supreme Court, have considered numerous Section 2 cases brought by private plaintiffs. Congress also made clear in committee reports that it envisioned private lawsuits, a fact shrugged off by the majority opinion with the dismissive comment that there 性视界传媒渁re many reasons to doubt legislative history as an interpretive tool.性视界传媒 (Earlier this month, another federal appeals court, the U.S. 5th Circuit Court of Appeals, concluded that private parties could sue under Section 2.)

Sign Up for Newsletters
Select Newsletters to Sign Up For

The Voting Rights Act, originally signed into law in 1965, initially was seen as protection against blatant attempts by states, mostly in the South, to prevent Black voters from participating in elections, despite the guarantee in the 15th Amendment that the right to vote 性视界传媒渟hall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.性视界传媒

The law requires that jurisdictions with a history of voting discrimination to 性视界传媒減re-clear性视界传媒 changes in election procedures with a federal court or the U.S. attorney general 性视界传媒 a provision that was gutted by a disastrous 2013 decision in Shelby County vs. Holder. But it also includes a provision, Section 2, that applies nationwide and prohibits voting practices or procedures that discriminate on the basis of race, color or membership in language minority groups.

As the Voting Rights Act has evolved and been amended, it addresses not only restrictions on an individual性视界传媒檚 right to vote but on official action 性视界传媒 such as redistricting maps 性视界传媒 that give minority groups 性视界传媒渓ess opportunity than other members of the electorate to participate in the political process and to elect representatives of their choice.性视界传媒 That development is entirely appropriate. In an ideal world, the racial makeup of a legislative or congressional district might be irrelevant. But in the real world of persistent racism, the Voting Rights Act provides a check on even subtle attempts to weaken the political power of nonwhite voters.

The law is not much of a protection, however, if it can性视界传媒檛 be enforced through litigation. Richard L. Hasen, a voting rights expert at UCLA Law School, warned that it was 性视界传媒渉ard to overstate how important and detrimental this decision would be if allowed to stand: the vast majority of claims to enforce Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act are brought by private plaintiffs, not the Department of Justice with limited resources.性视界传媒

Although it hasn性视界传媒檛 repented of its reckless decision in Shelby County vs. Holder, the Supreme Court sometimes has ruled in ways that support the ambitious objectives of the Voting Rights Act. In June, the court by a 5-4 vote ruled in a case involving citizen plaintiffs that Alabama likely had diluted the power of Black voters in fashioning a congressional map. The majority opinion was written by Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr., the author of the Shelby County opinion. Roberts and the other justices should similarly bolster voting rights by reversing the 8th Circuit panel性视界传媒檚 misreading of the law if and when it comes before them.